Potassium Permanganate which is also commonly referred to as KMnO4 is a chemical compound that is used in many industries for its oxidizing functionality. This compound is also sold commercially mostly for medicinal purposes. It is available as crystals, powder, and tablets. While this is one of the most discussed topics in Chemistry, we will understand everything about the compound in detail below.
Potassium Permanganate formula is written as KMnO4. This inorganic compound belongs to the category of salt and consists of two ions namely K+ and MnO-4 ions. Some of its key properties include its oxidizing and solubility properties. KMnO4 is a strong oxidizing agent and most of its uses are based on this property. It is also easily soluble in water and usually forms a pinkish or purple solution when potassium permanganate is in water. Below we will talk more comprehensively about this chemical compound. It is also known by its common name, Condy’s crystals.
Potassium permanganate uses are mostly centered around its oxidizing property. It is also used widely because there is no generation of toxic byproducts.
Common Uses of Potassium Permanganate :
- KMnO4 is used extensively as an antiseptic to treat different kinds of fungal infections, ulcers, wounds, and other skin conditions.
- It is used in water treatment mainly to remove minerals such as iron and hydrogen sulfide and control organisms such as zebra mussels.
- This chemical compound is also used to remove rust that may be found in water pipes and equipment.
- It is used in the preservation of fruits.
- KMnO4 is used in treating fish diseases and parasites.
- Potassium Permanganate is a useful fish disease treatment, acting against a range of protozoan parasites including Trichodina, Costia and Chilodonella
- Potassium Permanganate can also assist with bacterial gill disease and bacterial disease such as skin ulcers.
- It will also oxidize dissolved organic matter, reducing the biological oxygen demand and improving water quality and clarity.
- Potassium permanganate will restore the efficiency of low performing iron filters
Water treatment for disinfection, odor control and maintaining B.O.D. levels.
- Pickling agent in steel industry for descaling and degreasing
- Fumigation of Poultry farms, hatcheries and hospitals
- Air purification for odor control and increased oxygen levels
- Non-ferrous, metal and metal salts industry for removal of ferrous impurities
- Oxidizing and removal of ferrous impurities from inorganic chemicals
- Disease control and disinfection in aquaculture and mushroom culture
- Pre-treatment of wood and wooden furniture
- Glass industry for coloring and removal of impurities
• Potassium Permanganate is also available in 2oz, 8 oz, 1 lb, 2.5 lb, 5 lb and 50 lb
NOTE : Any of above statements have not been evaluated by the food and drug administration (FDA).This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent disease. This information provided is general and should not be taken as medical advice. We strongly advise you to have a test batch before use.
Why Permanganate a good oxidizing agent?
As the oxidation states of atoms increase the elements become more electronegative. Therefore, permanganate a good oxidizing agent.
Uses of potassium permanganate
Two uses of potassium permanganate are-
It is used to treat various skin diseases such as fungal infection in the foot
It is used as an oxidizing agent in industries.
It improves water quality & clarity.
It is used for a number of skin conditions.
It can restore the efficiency of low performing iron filters.
Numerous uses in aqua culture & mushroom culture.
What is the color of potassium permanganate?
Potassium permanganate’s physical state is an odourless solid, and they look like crystals of dark purple or bronze color. When these crystals are dissolved in water, the solution becomes purple
Why KMnO4 is a self indicator?
The solution under examination loses its pink color once all the permanganate ions are used up in the reaction. It suggests the end of the reaction and therefore a self-indicator is called potassium permanganate, as it serves as an indicator apart from being one of the reactants.