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What is Citric Acid?
We are mostly familiar with the elements of citric acid. It is found in citrus fruits (Such as oranges, Lemon, Grapefruits & limes). In another point of view, it is also recognized as 2-Hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid, which is a colorless, weak, organic acid.
In addition, Citric acid is neither a vitamin nor a mineral. It does not have dietary importance and should not be confused with vitamin C or ascorbic acid, which is also found in citrus fruits.
Citric acid is classified as a weak organic acid because it partially dissociates, or separates, when dissolved in a solvent, particularly water. The strength of an acid is measured not necessarily in terms of pH but on its dissociation in a solvent.
Various Applications of Citric Acid
Citric acid has a wide range of applications both in Industrial & Household. Citric Acid Anhydrous Reagent Grade is a high purity powder that is used for analytical purposes. It is chosen in research investigations since it is reliable and produces consistent, repeatable results. The difference between anhydrous and powder citric acid is the amount of water molecules present. Furthermore, Anhydrous citric acid is water free while the powder contains a single molecule of water. In applications where water will impede processes, anhydrous citric acid would be the best choice.
Moreover, Citric acid plays a wide role in cosmetic industries. It is commonly found in soaps, nail polishes, and facial cleansers. Many skin care formulations use citric acid due to its protective antioxidant properties and corrective anti-aging effects. The low pH of citric acid allows for exfoliation of the dead skin cells, thereby bringing new skin to the surface. Additionally, Citric acid is also an attractive choice in the cosmetics industry because it is safe and effective to use on the skin.
Last but not the list, there are also different grades of citric acid, 50%, 25%, and 10% solutions of citric acid. Based on the concentration, there are varying ratios of powdered citric acid dissolved in purified water.
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Best Citric Acid & Application
Citric acid is just like acid it also has chemical formula. Its average pH level for a given concentration, and its dissociation constant as Shown in diagram.
Mention diagrams illustrate that it has six atoms of carbon, eight atoms of hydrogen, and seven atoms of oxygen with a total molar mass of 192.12 g/mol. Moreover, Citric acid is classified as an alpha-hydroxy acid with a three-carbon skeleton. It has a hydroxyl group (OH) and three carboxylic acid groups (COOH). Structurally, three of its oxygen atoms are double bonded with carbon atoms while four of its oxygen atoms are bonded with hydrogen atoms.
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What is citric acid mainly used for?
Its acidic, sour-tasting nature, citric acid is predominantly used as a flavoring and preserving agent, especially in soft drinks and candies. It’s also used to stabilize or preserve medicines and as a disinfectant.
What are 3 uses for citric acid?
- Preserve food. It is used to keep food fresh for longer periods. …
- Preserve personal care products. It may keep cosmetics and other products fresh for longer.
- Have protective effects in the body. Citric acid used in medicine can kill bacteria and lower the acid in urine.
- Remove tough stains.
Is citric acid a vinegar?
Is citric acid same as lemon juice?
Which is stronger vinegar or citric acid?
Is citric acid stronger than vinegar? No, citric acid isn’t stronger than vinegar. The acetic acid in vinegar is a lot more aggressive and corrosive when it comes in contact with certain surfaces. But, there are many types of mineral deposits that citric acid can better deal with.
What is industrial citric acid?
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Potassium Permanganate-for Food
The composition of the potassium permanganate, also used as Condy’s crystals, is composed by two elements: one was potash, and another was permanganate. Potassium permanganate is an odorless solid with no aroma, and they look like dark bronze or brown color crystals.
Potassium permanganate is a purple-colored crystalline salt that has important household & various industrial applications.
When we dissolve the crystals in water, it becomes purple in color. The potassium permanganate is able to oxidize many substances, so it has been popularly used as an oxidizing agent, a substance that accepts or receives electrons from other substances.
Potassium permanganate is a versatile purple coloured chemical compound. It is a potassium salt of manganic acid. Also known as the permanganate of potash, it has many other names such as chameleon mineral, Condy’s crystals and hypermangan. It was rediscovered by British chemist Henry Condy, who manufactured disinfectants known as ‘Condy’s crystals’, potassium permanganate became a big success. It has oxidizing properties, so it has found varied use in the medical and chemical industry. Its chemical formula is KMnO4.
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